I am not sure how one can see the difference between these three. I can give an example of the three - respectively come in, went into and got along without - but I don't know why these are what they are. Can some one explain these terms as clearly and simplistic as possible?
An example of how I am confused: One could state that a phrasal verb consists of a verb and an adverbial participle. Sure they can. But how do they know that that adverbial participle (e.g. in) is not a preposition?
I do think that the following is true to make a distinction: when talking of a prepostional verb, there can't be any syntactic spot between the verb and the participle. E.g. They called him up (Phrasal) They called on him (Prepositional) Would that be a possibility? Or is that rubbish?