The word kin 'hate, venom, spite' is quite unusual and took my attention for its meaning 'venom'. Is it an Anatolian-Turkish/Azeri only word or is it common in other Turkic languages? Does anyone know of any commentary on its etymology?

2 Answers 2


I cannot answer the first part of your question, but as far as etymology goes it is very straight-forward: it is from Persian kīn “hatred” (from Middle Persian kēn, Avestan kaēna- “revenge”).

  • Thank you! I accept that as an answer. The first question would have a purpose for me if the etymology was unknown. In that case I would suspect a loan, possibly from N. Caucasus.
    – Midas
    Mar 18, 2017 at 18:28
  • 1
    You can check kubbealtilugati.com for etymology
    – kabraxis
    Mar 18, 2017 at 20:02

I totally agree with fdb. Although I cannot say if it is used in Central Asian Turkic Languages( Turkmen, Uzbek and Uighur), for certain I can say that (not sure about today but) it existed in Azerbaijani. Look at the example from Fuzuli: "Gam değil ehl-i garaz eylerse benden men’-i hayr / Gam değil ehl-i hased bağlarsa ben miskîne kin"

edit: A quick search revelead that it is used in Uzbek, Bashkurt, Tatar (no Crimean), Turkmen and Azerbaijani. http://tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_lehceler&arama=lehceler&guid=TDK.LHC.58cd91f5221869.95997362

edit2: Appereantly the search function is a script here is a screen cap enter image description here

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