Forgive me if this question is too simple/repetitive/... as I'm not familiar with technical terms.

I'm looking for a good reference that's explained the changes in sounds in Indo-European daughter languages. For example 'P', 'V' and 'F' have interchangeably been used in different languages.

I was wondering what other sounds and in which languages this changes has occurred.

Thank you

  • Are you looking for functional explanations? Most of that is kind of crazy speculation having to do with mountain air and savagery. Or are you looking for actual data, as in Brugman's Comparative Grammar (archive.org/details/…)?
    – user6726
    Apr 12, 2017 at 15:24

1 Answer 1


I always look into this one Mallory, J.P. and Adams, D.Q., 2006. The oxford introduction to proto-indo-european and the proto-indo-european world. Oxford University Press on Demand.

On page 464 there is a table with the sound correspondences in different major IE-language groups. There is a digital copy of that table (+ an addenda) here: Basic sound correspondences between PIE and the major IE groups

  • It's actually so handy. Thank you. But not exactly what I'm looking for. Thank you again Apr 12, 2017 at 9:15
  • 1
    @Joseph_Marzbani what are you looking for exactly? Your question is a little too generic. The answer provided by Midas looks quite informative to me Apr 12, 2017 at 11:45

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.