Are all the words above from the same root (PIE)? Or are these a bunch of false cognates like behtar (Farsi) better (English).


1 Answer 1


Latin vir, Sanskrit vīra-, Avestan vīra-, Old Irish fer, Lithuanian výras, Gothic wair, all mean “man” and all derive from Indo-European *wīro- (or *uiH-ro).

  • Ok, But what about Hindi and Punjabi? May 15, 2017 at 16:55
  • 1
    The Hindi etc. words derive from Sanskrit. dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/…
    – fdb
    May 15, 2017 at 18:54
  • But, Hindi has borrowed a lot and so has Punjabi, from Urdu and other languages, also is it necessary that all words derive from Sanskrit? May 16, 2017 at 0:38
  • 2
    Look at the link I gave to Turner’s dictionary. In Hindi bīr is the genuine New Indo-Aryan form; vīr is a loan (tatsama) from Sanskrit.
    – fdb
    May 16, 2017 at 6:56
  • 3
    Also English were(wolf). May 16, 2017 at 19:15

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