4

Given the agent suffix -ter- (which exhibited e-grade when meaning a profession or purpose and o-grade when meaning the recent perpetrator), can -trom suffix also be a zero grade from this one plus inanimate nomenative ending -om? Especially taking into account internal derivation. Just some examples.

u̯es-tēr (tailor) -> u̯es-tr-om (wear)

a̯ero̯-tēr (plowman) -> a̯ero̯-tr-om (plow)

On the other hand, Fortson lists -tro- suffix along with -tlo- suffix as separate instrumental suffixes. I wonder whether then was a similar agent suffix -tel- (cf Russian prii̯a-tel "friend", Greek aristo-tel)?

  • 1
    Shouldn't you name the language you're asking about? – Gaston Ümlaut Sep 5 '12 at 10:57
  • Should be: Greek Ἀριστοτέλης "Aristoteles". They spoke Ancient/Old Greek there, not Modern Russian. – Alex B. Sep 5 '12 at 23:55
  • @Alex B. okay, what does it change? -es is an ending. The question is whether there was an agent suffix -tel- to which attested suffix -tl-/-tlo- is a zero-grade. – Anixx Sep 6 '12 at 0:00
  • There is no suffix -tel- in Ἀριστοτέλης; the name is a compound whose second member is related to the noun τέλος 'end, purpose, etc.'. – TKR Sep 12 '13 at 2:58
3

According to Jean Haudry, Proto-Indo-European *-tr-om indeed is *-ter with zero-grade and neuter ending.

Also according to him, PIE *-tel is an old phonetic variant of PIE *-ter.

Next to PIE *-tr-om, there is also PIE *-tl-om, as in Latin "(ob)staculum" from PIE *stéH₂-tlom.

| improve this answer | |
  • Hello Mara and welcome! You said "According to Jean Haudry"... While it's not mandatory, if you could link the paper/book where this is stated (especially if readable as in Google Books), it would increase the quality of your answer. :D Just a note. :) – Alenanno Feb 17 '13 at 14:47
  • It's from Jean Haudry, "L'indo-européen", from the series "Que sais-je". I think, it's this one: (books.google.de/…) – Mara van Aken Feb 17 '13 at 15:01

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.