Can someone tell me what are the soft consonants in Devanagari?

This link gives me a list of the devanagari soft consonants. However, is this the complete list? I find in other sources another list. Can someone definitively tell me what are the soft consonants in Devanagari

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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because this is a question about some external web page and this question becomes totally void when the link is broken. Nov 13 '17 at 11:04

The consonants that your link calls "hard" and "soft" are now usually called "voiceless" and "voiced" respectively. This is the standard terminology in modern linguistics.


"Soft" is not a meaningful linguistic term, though it may be used for various idiosyncratic purposes in a given language (e.g. in Slavic, soft consonants are palatalized. See this discussion. Tamil consonants are classed as hard, soft and medium. This split is invoked in Monier Wiliams' Practical Grammaar p. 14, and seems to refer to ghoṣavant, i.e. "voiced" sounds.


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Edit: Added an image...

As a Hindi speaker myself (which uses Devanagari alphabet) I can definitively tell you that the link has all of the soft consonants. Do tell me if you are confused by any other links and attach the hyperlinks (as you mentioned).

  • In that chart य, र, ल, and व are not labeled as 'soft', but they are voiced. Does the term 'soft' refer to these consonants too?
    – Yellow Sky
    Nov 12 '17 at 10:14
  • य is the first consonant sound in yellow (yak, yum etc.) र is r (royal, ring etc.) ल is the second consonant sound in yellow (linguistics, link etc.) and व is more or less v (violin, van etc.) I am not quite sure if IPA lists these sounds as voiced and voiceless. Nov 12 '17 at 10:50
  • They are all voiced.
    – Yellow Sky
    Nov 12 '17 at 22:22
  • Then you probably found your answer! Nov 13 '17 at 2:35

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