Example: Can you get me a coffee da , get off the computer, da even just give me a name, da in Kannada English code switched sentence. And Cosmo in Gaurdians of the Galaxy new Comic series can give one examples for Russian.
Absolutely not. Its similar to asking if Kannada word alla, which is a negation suffix and also a separate word for no/not, is same as the Islamic deity. It's just coincidence. They are false friends.
This da phrase ending, which sort of replaces dude in English, is actually a suffix and it is not of Kannada origin. It is of Tamil origin and it is a bona fide suffix in that language. This suffix is mostly used in English (and never Kannada) spoken in Bangalore, a city right at the border with the neighboring state of Tamil Nadu where Tamil is spoken. There is a long history of Tamil migration to Bangalore but this suffix is a recent thing and only a few decades old. You might also hear ra used, which is a Telugu origin suffix serving the same purpose. I grew up using man and still use it.
Furthermore, it is one of the aspects of Indian English. The general North Indian variation is to use the word yaar, which means friend in Persian, and consequently in Hindi, Urdu etc.
What's up da = What's up yaar
The origin and roles are different since Kannada is a Dravidian language, not a relative of the Japanese or Basque, while Russian makes a part of the Slavic branch within the Indo-European family.
The role of the Russian word is a particle (connecting sentence parts) or 'yes'-word, or an intensifier related either to a pronoun or, which I beleibe to be more realistic, a verb meaning 'to give'.
The Kannada word ಡಾ, as the dictionaries say, is an abbreviation for 'doctor', which by itself in English could be traced back to a Proto Indo-European verb meaning 'to take'. A theory of Dravidian-IE philum seems to lack any sustainable proof.
The first traces of proto-Kannada, as the Wikipedia puts it, could be traced back to 500 B. C., the times when the very existence of any Slavic language and/or nation is less than questionable.
Therefore, my answer is negative.