What are the main types of contrast involved in contrastive analysis of syntax? I would appreciate a few examples.

I tried to find an answer, but unfortunately I found nothing.

  • Welcome! I don't know the answer, but I'm sure someone else will. – Cerberus Oct 13 '12 at 21:48
  • what is meant by contrastive analysis? perhaps it is on analogy to structuralist analysis in morphology/phonology? – user483 Oct 14 '12 at 22:45

The function of contrastive analysis is to predict linguistic issues learners might face as they acquire a second language. It has two areas, intralingual and cross lingual.

If it is intralingual, you might:

  • analyse contrastive phonemes/neutralisation.
  • analyse the lexical relations.
  • analyse morphemes (bound or unbound)that carry grammatical meaning.
  • look at features of the languages morphosyntactic categories - the relationship between morphology and syntax, or in lay terms 'grammar'.
  • look at word order.

If it is crosslingual, you might also:

  • compare lexical semantics, basically 'meaning'.
  • study translational equivalence

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