I recently realized that English has no inflected future tense. I would like to study a language that has an inflected future tense.

What options are available?

  • 3
    There are really lots of them; classical Latin and modern Romance languages are easily accessible candidates. Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 10:55
  • 2
    Also Greek, Sanskrit ...
    – fdb
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 12:10
  • 1
    But modern Romance languages rarely use the future tense, preferring constuctions (usually with reflexes of Latin ire 'go', like On va voir or Vamos a ver).
    – jlawler
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 22:38
  • @jlawler I'm not sure I'd say "rarely", but it's certainly less common in the spoken language. It "feels" different, more casual.
    – tchrist
    Commented Feb 9, 2018 at 3:18

1 Answer 1


There are plenty to choose from! Just take a look at this map.

Here are a few examples from that page:

  • Banjalang (also known as Bundjalung, and several other spellings)
  • Arabic
  • Zulu
  • Spanish
  • Classical Arabic has aspect (perfect/imperfect), not tense (past/future) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_verbs#Tense
    – b a
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 13:51
  • @ba That's possible. But that map is referring to Egyptian Arabic, and cites Eisele 1999 as its source. It might be worth noting that Tunisian Arabic does not have inflectional future according to that site. Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 14:00
  • Does Esperanto have inflected future tense? It's not on that map
    – user21170
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 15:17
  • Russian has inflected future tense (сделаю/сделаешь) but the map claims it does not
    – J-mster
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 15:25
  • 2
    @J-mster Russian is not on that map because сделаю/сделаешь is usually analysed as present tense, perfective aspect, just like the situation with Classical Arabic. Of course, it's used to refer to future happenings, but grammatically it's present. Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 15:32

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