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Ok, someone once told me that Uighur is a Turkic langugage. But just wondering, for Persian and Uighur, the two, Are they similar in any way? or just helps a little bit? Could one understand another?

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No.

Your friend is right about Uighur being Turkic. But Persian is not Turkic; it's Indo-European, so lexical similarity between these languages is going to be VERY low and limited to a few loan-words. From what I can tell, the only thing that's similar is the alphabet, both having been derived from Arabic.

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  • Ok good to know.... – Ying Xiong Mar 21 '18 at 15:23
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    I guess the confusion comes from the terminology in e.g. Wikipedia which states that the writing system is "derived from Perso-Arabic". But this indeed only pertains to the symbols used in writing. Similarly, an English speaker has no chance to decipher written Basque or Finnish, even though the symbols used to write those languages are familiar. – tripleee Mar 21 '18 at 16:38
  • "VERY low" and "a few loan-words" is not correct. Both Persian and Uighur have a VERY large number of Arabic loans, and Uighur also has a lot of loans from Persian. – fdb Mar 22 '18 at 9:24
  • @fdb enough that OP will understand Uighur from learning Farsi? – OmarL Mar 22 '18 at 9:26
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    @fdb Feel free to answer the question. – OmarL Mar 22 '18 at 9:29
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In addition to influence of other Turkic languages, Uyghur has historically been influenced strongly by Arabic and Persian and more recently by Russian and Mandarin Chinese.

But as a Persian, even I can't Understand what they say ... :) so the answer No

All the best

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    But Persian is a language that you would never regret learning. Omar Khaymam, Hafez, saadi, .... wonderful people that anybody needs to know – iDeveloper Jul 1 '19 at 11:09

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