Wondering how we pronounce words. I feel like I learned this when I was a kid in school with all the language rules, but now I can't remember.
I am trying to think about how we pronounce words. How we actually mentally parse the letters and "sound it out". It seems a bit difficult, because it doesn't just move from left to right as you might imagine. From first look it seems we have to "look ahead" to figure out the sound of the current letters, even to the point of having to look at the entire word to figure out the sounding out.
For example, the word
phase. We know what
ph is always the
f sound. But
haze. So we only know this I think because it is the word "phase", and that's how the whole word is pronounced. Or maybe it's because the word
face already takes up that sound.
chase has the
face sound. So
phase have a
s vs. a
Then there are other words like
field. There are lots of
ie words that are pronounced "fear" or "tear", "pierce", "fierce", "field", "siege", etc. But
tie is like "I". You only know this because the word is short.
So I don't see the rules for pronouncing words. I imagine there are a lot of rules, but still, I am wondering what they are.
So my question is, if there is a resource to look at that outlines the rules for sounding out words, or if it is purely a learned thing that there are too many rules to write down.
Or maybe instead of all the specific rules (like
f, etc.), just the algorithm for moving through the word and applying the rules.
Then there are words like
tear which have two pronunciations!