So it turns out that sometimes consonants in a sequence can be called single consonants (e.g.
d͡z), or consonant "clusters". But the main reason for calling
d͡z a single consonant is because it "functions as a single slot in a word".
In order to learn beyond the simple "any single character not a vowel is a consonant, and any unbroken sound is a syllable" mindset, I'm wondering how the following words can be broken down:
ee isn't a long sound (I don't think), I don't think it counts as a diphthong. The sound
sh is one sound in IPA
/ʃ/. So really it is like
ʃip, 3 "~sounds~", but 5 letters in English. And also 1 syllable. But I'm wondering if the concept of "slots in a word" come into play here in any way. For example, if this is a 3-sound-slot word, where "sh" is the first sound, "ee" is the next", and "p" is the last.
cheap is pretty much the same, but if you break apart "ch" into "tʃ", then it is
tʃip, so 4 sounds, but with 3 sound slots, and 1 syllable. But really,
tʃ is one "slot", so it would be better represented as
t͡ʃ. I assume the weird spelling of
ee is just an English thing, not really too concerned about that atm, unless that would be called a diphthong.
strength is 7 letters but 1 syllable. But has 2 consonant clusters,
ngth. Wonder what those are called, and what the timing information / structure is around how this word is said.
Finally, the word
cloud has a diphthong I think,
ou, since the mouth changes over two vowels to produce that sound. And it has 1 consonant cluster
kl-ow-d. I'm not sure if there is terminology around the fact that, even though there are 2 sounds in the
ou sound, it only takes up 1 position in the timing of the word. Also, since cloud has 3 "chunks", but only 1 syllable (and one of the chunks is a diphthong), not sure if there is terminology around that. Like, the syllable has a diphthong in it, as well as consonant clusters. And these clusters like
kl could be considered one "slot", such as with
k͡l. Just as
ngth could be considered one "slot", like
ŋ͡ð. I don't see when to consider the consonants a single unit or slot, vs. separate consonants.
Basically trying to learn the terminology around this stuff a little better.