Verbs like animate become a noun animation, and others like graduate become graduation. But then there are verbs that are just straight converted into nouns, like capture the verb and a capture the noun. You can't say Let's create an animate, you say Let's create an animation. Likewise, you don't say Let's go to the graduate, you say Let's go to the graduation.
Still others are converted into -ing nouns like the verb render is converted into a rendering rather than a renderation. Just as that is awkward, you don't have generate become a generating, it is a generation.
Finally, the last one I can think of is adding -er, as in scavenge becoming scavenger, but that seems different, where -er makes the verb into an actor performing the action. Whereas -tion and -ing convert the verb into the action itself.
Wondering what the rules are for determining if a verb becomes a noun action by:
- leaving it as is.
- appending -tion
- appending -ing
Also wondering if there are any other straightforward examples of suffixes to verbs that make them nouns, in addition to -tion and -ing, or if these 3 above are the only cases.
Also wondering why it's not just one system, like every verb gets suffixed with -tion. Would be good to know if this is just because of the fact that English is messy, or there is some other reason.