I have seen "mood" a lot in linguistics articles, have read about it a few times, but it never seems to click.
possibility ("Possibly, p", "It is possible that p"), necessity ("Necessarily, p", "It is necessary that p"), and impossibility ("Impossibly, p", "It is impossible that p"), ... modalities of time (notably, "It was the case that p", "It has always been that p", "It will be that p", "It will always be that p"), deontic modalities (notably, "It is obligatory that p", and "It is permissible that p"), epistemic modalities, or modalities of knowledge ("It is known that p") and doxastic modalities, or modalities of belief ("It is believed that p").
I sort of understand that, but don't have a firm grasp yet.
Wikipedia says about mood:
In linguistics, grammatical mood (also mode) is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signaling modality. That is, it is the use of verbal inflections that allow speakers to express their attitude toward what they are saying (e.g. a statement of fact, of desire, of command, etc.). The term is also used more broadly to describe the syntactic expression of modality, that is, the use of verb phrases that do not involve inflexion of the verb itself.
The concepts are little over my head though, and so wondering if one could explain mood in simpler terms. When I hear "mood" I think of mood, an emotional state. Like I am happy or angry or something. So when I hear grammatical mood I think of somehow expressing that you are happy with something, but it doesn't seem that that is accurate.
I see stuff like this:
-tu(q): indicative third-person singular (in fact a nominal form)
And Wikipedia says:
The indicative mood, or evidential mood, is used for factual statements and positive beliefs. It is the mood of reality. The indicative mood is the most commonly used mood and is found in all languages. Example: "Paul is eating an apple" or "John eats apples". All intentions that a particular language does not categorize as another mood are classified as indicative.
It is the mood of reality doesn't make sense to me with the ingrained interpretation of mood being an emotional state. I don't see how you can say "I am feeling reality today, quite reality.". So I have a hard time (1) interpreting what that actually means (what the indicative mood is), and (2) how to apply it (to understanding where mood is used in sentences).
Wondering if one could explain what mood is, and what the range of moods are, in laymen terms.