I understand the basics of what a nasal sound is. I understand that /m/ and /n/ are nasal sounds because you are letting air come out of your nose. But I don't quite get a few other things:
- What the "nasal sound" sounds like, or if there is such thing as a "nasal sound" (other than the /n/ and /m/ sounds). I'm referring to nasal vowels here for the most part, like the French vowel /ɑ̃/ (I've only read about that sound).
- The types of nasal sounds.
- If the "nasal-ness" comes before, during, or after (or all three) the "main" sound.
For example, I just saw this:
/ᵐb ⁿd̪ ⁿd̪ʲ ᵑɡ ᵑɡʷ/
And I see things like the nasal vowels, as well as these things:
- Nasal clicks like in Zulu: /nq, nx, nc/
- /m n ng/
- /ṽ ð̃ s̃ z̃ ʃ̃ ʒ̃/ (nasal fricatives)
Wondering if one could either link to a video or audio clip demonstrating what the "nasal sound" is, or sort of roughly explain what it sounds like. Also, in terms of the examples above, I'm wondering about the positioning of the nasal-ness.
This is the way I understand it. A "nasal vowel" is sort of forcing extra air out of your nose when you say the vowel (it feels sort of weird to do, unnatural). So wondering where I'm going wrong there. But this nasal sound happens during the main vowel sound. On the other side, a "nasalized /b/ sound" might be like /mb/. Since a /b/ is instantaneous, you can't do the nasal-ness during the /b/ sound, so it occurs before the /b/, so it's like /mmm-b'/. That's the best example of a nasal sound that I have found. But to me that is really just an /m/ sound followed by a /b/ sound. To call it "a nasal /b/" seems like it's not quite right.
I don't understand how you could do a nasalized click, unless it is also like the nasalized /b/, in that you basically do the /n/ or /m/ sound (or "ng" /ŋ/ sound, those 3 seem like the only possibilities) before the click. This seems to get at what the symbolism behind /ᵑɡ/ means, that nasal sound comes before.
But I have seen examples elsewhere showing stuff like /dⁿ/, instead of /ⁿd/, so the nasal-ness seems like it is coming afterwards (on release perhaps). So it would be like /d'nnn/, but that also feels weird. Wondering how that works.
Finally, the nasalized fricatives like /z̃/ seem like they would work like the vowels, so you would somehow add a nasally sound to the fricative (but I'm not sure how that sounds or how to do it properly).
Hoping to better understand this concept, because it seems important in languages.