Are there any instances in any language where a finite clause can be nominalised?
Gerunds in English are non-finite CPs and deverbal nouns lack an inflectional layer altogether.
Rome wants [CP to destroy Carthage]
[DP Rome1 's [nP destruction2 [vP t1 t2 of Carthage]]]
Certain scholars say that complementiser yang in Malay can function as a nominaliser. In (1), the constituent "yang telah mati" is said to be a clause that's been nominalised.
[Yang telah mati] tidak boleh kembali. COMP PERF die NEG can return Those who have died cannot return.
I have my doubts because aspectual markers can occur in such "nominalised clauses". Although finiteness is not marked in Malay in any way, the occurrence of aspectual markers can be taken as a diagnostic for finiteness because they can't occur in clauses which one would typically analyse as non-finite, e.g. control clauses.
(*Telah) memenangi pertandingan adalah syarat untuk peserta (*akan) menerima hadiah (*PERF) win competition COP condition for participant (*PROS) receive prize To have won the competition is a condition for a participant to receive the prize
Instead, (1) can be said to be a headless relative clause.
(Orang) yang telah mati tidak boleh kembali. (Person) COMP PERF die NEG can return People who have died cannot return.
Nouns in Malay can be deleted if they're given, and this should be the case with (1).
A: Saya suka kucing yang Ali sedang pegang itu. 1.SG like cat COMP Ali PROG hold DIST I like the cat that Ali is holding. B: Saya suka yang sedang bermain itu. 1.SG like COMP PROG play DIST I like the one that's playing.
The noun heading the relative clause is deleted because it can be recovered from context.
What do you guys think?