Is there a natural/constructed language which allows us to express hyponyms from hypernyms or hypernyms to hyponyms. For example, pigeon to bird or bird to pigeon, both don't have any relation to them in the morphological sense. So an example bird_1, bird_2, bird_3 ... bird_n, the abstract is bird. bird_1 represents pigeon, bird_2 represents parrot, bird_3 represents owl and so on.

  • Would this be like 'black bear', 'brown bear', 'grizzly bear'? Dec 21, 2018 at 0:13
  • Something similar, but a more organised process, which could be generalised beyond a bear obviously, but has a formalisation that can be used to describe it. Dec 21, 2018 at 9:27
  • So English does it in some situations, then? It might be very redundant to repeat the category name for every single noun on every mention, I think. What about multiple category membership? (E.g., 'John_man', 'John_male', 'John_teacher'…) Dec 21, 2018 at 19:17
  • Yes, to reduce redundancy, is there a perhaps morphological transformation, in which we say grizlyB, blackB, brownB. In such a language B would have to have a non-ambiguous meaning of a bear alone. Obviously, this isn't feasible either. It does not matter if such a language can only express about bears only. But assume if it does, it efficiently describes these relations. Then from there on, we can formalise to discuss other animals besides bears. Dec 22, 2018 at 12:37


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