1

Both the words sound similar and have similar meanings so my presumption is that they are derived from one or other or have a similar origin.

There is a slight difference in meaning as per my knowledge. The Bengali word 'স্বাধীনতা' pronounced 'sba-dhee-no-ta' means 'freedom' or 'liberty' where as the Hindi word 'स्वाधीनता' pronounced 'svaa-dhee-na-ta' means 'independence'.

5

They are both loanwords (tatsama) from Sanskrit.

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