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" b. Ha-yeladim kul-am zarku ʔavanim. the children all-3MPL threw stones ‘The children all threw stones." In this example, what does '3MPL' mean?

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  • Knowing Hebrew, yup, 3mp(l) means what it normally means here. Specifically the suffix on "all" matches the antecedent. Feb 6, 2019 at 1:08
  • Moreover this is clearly homework Feb 6, 2019 at 2:36
  • Possible duplicate of Where this notation comes from and what it means Feb 6, 2019 at 8:54
  • @LukeSawczak Homework it may be, but nobody is asking us to do it for them, so it's not a "homework question". Feb 6, 2019 at 8:55
  • @Wilson Eh, when it looks like it's copied and pasted verbatim, without any evidence of thinking through it and running up against a wall, without any hint of having used widely available resources, I'm inclined to ask for those things first. Answering it is still a nice thing to do, but I don't think it enriches the site much. Feb 6, 2019 at 14:11

1 Answer 1

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This sentence is glossed (sort of—not completely) according to the Leipzig Glossing Rules. The appendix lists the most common abbreviations, and indeed, everything here is in that list:

  • 3 = third person
  • M = masculine
  • PL = plural

A more standard glossing would be 3.M.PL, with dots between the abbreviations. And a full gloss would look something like this:

Ha=yelad-im kul-am zarku ʔavan-im
The=child-PL all-3.M.PL threw stone-PL

Hebrew verb morphology is complicated (and breaks a lot of Euro-centric models of morphology) so I would probably just leave zarku as-is.

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