In some languages there are absolute constructions like the Genitive Absolute in Greek:
- Καὶ ἤδη ὥρας πολλῆς γενομένης προσελθόντες αὐτῷ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ ἔλεγον ὅτι ἔρημός ἐστιν ὁ τόπος καὶ ἤδη ὥρα πολλή·
Where the genitive phrase (in bold) is grammatically independent from the rest of the sentence and is translated as a dependent clause ("When it had already become late...").
In English as well there are absolute constructions like, "All things being equal," and so on.
Is there a name for a construction that is actually a part of the main clause but is nevertheless seemingly unaffected by the grammatical rules?
I am thinking of instances of compound subjects and objects that do not get inflected (in some speakers' speech) for case, such as:
- My dad got tickets to the premiere of the new Star Wars tickets for he and I! Early birthday gift!!
- Please stop asking what happened out of respect for she and I. Just know it’s over.
- Ask not for whom it tolls. It tolls for he and she.
- Nothing’s gonna change not for we and you.
In all of these cases (all of which were recorded from statements made online) it looks like the compound objects are unaffected by the prepositions that proceed them.
However, it seems unlikely that the speakers of these sentences would say, "My dad got tickets to the premiere for he" or "Please stop asking out of respect for I" or "Nothing's gonna change for we."
It looks like it's a function of being in the compound object that renders the constituent parts impervious to the requirements of the sentence structure. In this way, it's like an absolute but is still nevertheless part of the main clause.
Is there a term for such a thing?