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I have a sentence that says "He was required to work in the kitchen" (actually, another example, doesn't really matter, the question is in principle): what is the function of "to" here? Is it a complementiser?

Extra question: does the second VP (work) require an IP?

e.g. in this sentence:

syntax tree with "to do X"

As for tree-formation, I am basically using X-bar but I am not really that verse that I can say I am without fault here...

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    Yes, to is part of the for ... to infinitive complementizer. As for the extra IP, I wouldn't put it in, but I go to a different church and don't have to follow other dogmas. Consult your confessor for what's really required, and why. – jlawler Apr 2 '19 at 14:57

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