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Sentences like "Let such and such be done" or "May this happen". What is the name of this construct?

More examples from Spanish:

  • Que ellos entren ahora (Let them in now).
  • Que se muerte les satisfagan (May his death satisfy you (pl.))
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This is called the optative mood (though Romance languages like Spanish and French use what is morphologically the subjunctive in this role).

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  • Also the benedictive mood, in Sanskrit. The example given in Wikipedia is May the Force be with you. – jlawler Apr 24 '19 at 23:28
  • @jlawler Is the Let construction also optative/benefactive, or is it just an imperative? – Araucaria - Not here any more. Apr 25 '19 at 10:27
  • @Araucaria That's usually called a jussive or sometimes a hortative. – Miztli Apr 25 '19 at 11:40
  • You pays your attention and you takes your choice. It depends, really, on the terminology you and your audience are most familiar with, and also on the language families and linguistic theories you want to evoke (if not necessarily use or cite). – jlawler Apr 25 '19 at 15:28
  • I'd say that "May this happen" is an optative, but "Let such and such be done" looks like an 'open' let-imperative -- open in the sense that it is not understood as a directive to the addressee(s) to allow or permit something to happen. – BillJ Apr 27 '19 at 13:35

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