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I noticed, that Greek ἐλμαδὰμ corresponds to Gothic Airmodamis "Elmodam".

Could Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐌰𐌹𐍉 "armaio" (alms) and English "alms" be cognate?

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No. English "alms" goes back to Ancient Greek ἐλεημοσύνη (via Latin), from a Pre-Greek word for "mercy". Gothic armaio goes back to Proto-Germanic *armaz "pitiful", cognate with dialectal English "arm" ("pitiful"); non-Germanic cognates are scarce, but Hittite erman "sickness" has been proposed.

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