In the wikipedia page for Proto-Indo-European, it said that Proto-Indo-Europeans had "oral heroic poetry or song lyrics that used stock phrases such as imperishable fame and wine-dark sea". What are stock phrases that were very likely used by the Proto-Indo-Europeans that were used by Romans, Greeks, Nordics, Anatolians, etc.? This is an interesting thought because we can reconstruct not only the words, but also what they talked about.


The best reference for that kind of issue is Calvert Watkins - How to kill a dragon.

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    And what does he say about stock phrases? – b a Oct 17 '19 at 13:32
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    The book is quite thick and stacked with examples and comments. It's hard to summarize in a few lines. He compares plenty of formulas (which he calls merisms) across Indo-European languages, from Old Irish to Anatolian. The book is clearly a masterpiece of competence. – Arnaud Fournet Oct 17 '19 at 21:12
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    I'm sure it is, but the question asked for stock phrases, not for a reference – b a Oct 17 '19 at 22:17
  • Books are banned from internet chat rooms. – fdb Oct 18 '19 at 13:29
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    References are fine and desired, but in order to source and substantiate an answer, in my opinion, not to replace one. – LjL Oct 20 '19 at 15:30

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