I am a Machine Learning researcher who is doing research in the Natural Language Processing (NLP).
I need better understanding about human language for my new research, so I decided to write this question on this forum.
In general, people process texts in English or in any other human languages at different levels. For example, for a person who is learning English for the first time can only process English texts at an elementary level (processing simple grammar, vocabulary, and semantics), whereas an adult native English speakers can process English texts at a more "advanced" level (processing advanced grammar, vocabulary, and in-depth understandings on semantics of a large, technical texts).
Is there a theory in Linguistics that outlines the relationship between the level of language used in a part of a text and the level of semantical understandings that is required to comprehend the same part of the text? For example, suppose that we are trying to solve some cloze task problems where we are asked to fill in the blanks with appropriate nouns, verbs, adjectives, phrases, etc., for a given text. For the given problem text, would cloze task questions that aim specifically for elementary English speakers require lower level of understandings on the context of the problem text than cloze task questions that was designed to test English skills at more advanced level?
The answer can be something very obvious, but if someone can provide me the answer with reference to appropriate linguistic theory, it will be a great help, as I need a linguistic theory to back up my claims in my paper.