When I was reading on Wiktionary, I found something interesting. The word for circle was traced back to a Greek word which was said to be "of Pre-Greek origin". However, I read about the word carcer, and found this:

From Proto-Italic *karkros, from Proto-Indo-European *kr-kr- (“circular”), reduplication of *(s)ker- (“to turn, bend”) in the sense of "enclosure".

This shows that, considering the fact that both words have "cr" in them and the letter c repeated twice, doesn't that mean that the word was (maybe or probably) from Proto-Indo-European which was inherited to Greek, Latin, Old French, and then English?

Note: this is bold because the normal * won't work.

  • 2
    See *kʷel-. Wiktionary is not a reliable source or etymological information. BTW, if you put a * before an underscore _, then text, then another underscore at the end, you get an asterisk before italicized text. Just the way it works here.
    – jlawler
    Nov 16 '19 at 0:35
  • 1
    @jlawler, but the link you gave is reliable? At least wiktionary includes a big disclaimer saying that the reconstructions are speculative to an uncertain degree. And at least they try to reference their claims
    – vectory
    Nov 16 '19 at 15:33
  • I do have stipulations in mind that so far concerned a hypothetic *kʷ > r / w shift, comparing road / G Rad vs way and wagon and then some (I'm aware that doesn't make any sense to you). Indeed, Sanskr chakra "set of wheels" is said to be from *kʷe*kʷlos, so the idea of fricatives can't be entirely non-sensical. Of course, fricatives are somewhat difficult to explain in English.
    – vectory
    Nov 16 '19 at 15:41
  • 1
    The PIE roots in the the free dictionary are from the American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, which is largely Pokorny. That's as authoritative and non-speculative as it gets.
    – jlawler
    Nov 16 '19 at 18:16
  • You can escape a star character with a backslash: \* is rendered * Nov 20 '19 at 10:23

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