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(in short) What's the epigraphical support to the Aeolian word ἴκκος ? I can't find it in the (very limited) data I can consult.


(full story) The history of the Greek word ἵππος ("horse") can be tracked down to the Mycenaean Greek, see e.g. tablet PY Ta 722/DMG 246.1 : "i-qo-qe".

Unexpected initial aspiration (at least in Attic), unexpected initial vowel, geminate consonant : the exact story of the word is obscure (see e.g. D. Gary Miller, Ancient Greek Dialects and Early Authors, p. 299).

The Aeolian form "ἴκκος" is broadly cited but I can't find whence it came. What's its epigraphical source ? E.g. the site epigraphy.packhum.org, as far as I know, doesn't know it. Is it a word cited by a Greek author ? Plato knew the name Ἴκκος (e.g. in Protagoras 316d).

Alas, I don't have access to Ernst Schwentner's "Griech. ἳππος und ἴκκος".

Any help, any reference would be appreciated !

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    This kind of question is on-topic in Latin Language – jknappen - Reinstate Monica Nov 20 at 9:29
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    I have access to Ernst Schwentners note, and it is not about the attestation of ikkos but about the vowel i in place of an expected e. He compares to Tocharian A yuk Toch. B yakwe with an unexpected initial y- – jknappen - Reinstate Monica Nov 20 at 11:10
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As far as I can see, ἴκκος is not attested epigraphically, but it is cited in the Byzantine Etymologicum Magnum 474,12. This is mentioned by Chantraine, but strangely not by Beekes.

  • hippos forms a lot of compounds and is used in personal names, can there be an attestation of hikkos in a compound or name? – jknappen - Reinstate Monica Nov 20 at 11:04
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    @jknappen-ReinstateMonica. Yes, Ἴκκος is attested as a name. – fdb Nov 20 at 11:41
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Except from Etymologicon Mega (472.12 ίκκος, σημαίνει τον ίππον) it appears in an inscrition from Kalindoia, Mygdonia, Chalkidike SEG 36:626 as a part of the personal name Ἰκκότας (instead of Ἰππότας).

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