2

I've noticed the form فعلان (faʿlan) seems to imply emphasis, like in رحمان (raḥmân) which seems to means "All-Merciful". This form seems to exist in other Semitic languages like Hebrew (maybe רַבָּן, rabban?).

I've searched a while, but didn't find any answer. Does this form have a specific name in English?

  • I've never seen any names used for the Arabic forms except the traditional Arabic ones (so I would just call it "fa`lān"). Are there common names for the other forms in English, or am I misunderstanding your question? – Draconis Dec 10 '19 at 17:01
  • @Draconis, I'm thinking in term of common linguistic vocabulary like "causative form", "superlative", etc. – Amessihel Dec 10 '19 at 17:24
  • @Amessihel -- The suffix also occurs on collective plurals for mice, rats, lizards, and neighbors. – Bert Barrois Dec 10 '19 at 21:29
  • @bert-barrois, thanks. I haven't studied Arabic, so I'm just presuming. I think it's a matter of prefix like the examples you mentionned, but more of the pattern CaCCāN: raḥmān, sakrān. The pattern could also be CuCCāN like subḥān. They seem both to imply a completeness, and if so I'm surprised there is no linguistical term describing this form, especially if it's not just Arabic but Semitic related. I think I'm wrong, but don't know where. – Amessihel Dec 10 '19 at 22:08
  • I don't know Hebrew, but I think the suffix -ŌN might be cognate. Wikipedia says it has diminutive connotation. – Bert Barrois Dec 11 '19 at 13:21
3

In the Wikipedia article on Arabic Nouns and Adjectives the fa'lan form is named intensive.

| improve this answer | |
0

I don’t think it has a particular name, but it can be defined as forming adjectives from verbal stems, like sakrān “drunk” from s-k-r, or kaslān “lazy” from k-s-l. Normally, such adjectives have a human referent.

| improve this answer | |
  • Thank you. Are sakrān and kaslān impliying "all-something"-like sense ("all-sugared" ie alcoholic, "all-lazyness") as I supposed in my comment replying to @Bert-Barrois? – Amessihel Dec 10 '19 at 22:07
  • s1-k-r “to be drunk” is Semitic, not related to the Persian/Indian loanword for “sugar”. – fdb Dec 10 '19 at 22:47
  • Yes, it is loan word from Persian. – fdb Dec 10 '19 at 23:02

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.