I am looking at this:

enter image description here

I think this is a verb (some others are even less clear). What does besaz(en)- mean? The parentheses and the hyphen. The M is for Middle Persian, but there is no indication that this is truly a verb. Maybe I skipped over something in the introduction.

It seems that the nouns are straightforward to parse/glean out of this dictionary, but what about the verbs? How do I end up with a final infinitive verb form to write down?


Here in Mackenzie’s dictionary verbs are normally cited in the infinitive form, but if (as in this case) the infinitive is not attested, the dictionary quotes the present stem followed by a hyphen. So bēšāz(ēn)- means that the present stem of this verb can be either bēšāzēn- or just bēšāz-.

“M” introduces the spelling in Manichaean script.

You might find it useful to read the very informative introduction.

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