Could someone help me identify what these are?
I know that "noun chains" are called "noun phrases", and "verb chains" are called "verb phrases", but I don't know the equivalent for adverbs, adjectives, determiners, pronouns, particles, prepositions, etc.
A noun phrase is a chain of nouns like:
Cloud Mountain Hotel
All 3 are nouns, and they form one big noun, the "cloud mountain hotel". Are the first two words adjectives in this context? Or what are they considered?
A verb prhase is a chain of verbs like:
Would be going to eat (as in "They would be going to eat")
Here we have 4 verbs chained together (!): would, be, go, eat. What are these parts called in this structure? "To eat" is the infinite verb, that's about all I know. "Would" is an auxiliary verb? Seems like there could be a different name for it. And the others I'm not sure about.
This is where I'm just making stuff up. But an example is:
Big red tree
The "big red" part is two adjectives it seems. What are these parts called relative to the noun "tree"?
You can have super long chains of adjectives (similar to with nouns, but you can't have long verb chains from my experience).
The super lush big reddish green bee hive supporting tree
What are all these "supporting" words called?
Basically, I'm wondering what these supporting words are each called (their type or category in linguistics terms), so I can better search them and research them.
Also making this up:
Really quickly run
The verb "run" is preceded by 2 somethings, like adverbs? Can you have long chains of adverbs too, like adjectives?
Not sure what to call these "chains" here, but their parts are things like determiners, prepositions, pronouns, etc.
It is on top of the tree
It is to the left of the tree
It is somewhere deeply in the middle of the tree
It is far away from the tree
Each of these has a few somethings chained together. I get what each one is called individually (II can just google its definition), But what are they called as pieces in these chains?