Carnie claims in his syntax book that the sentence

Someone believes everyone to be invited

has two meanings. I can see only one (when the existential quantifier has scope over universal one: when there is a person who believes that everyone was invited). How to see the meaning when the universal quantifier takes scope over the existential one?

  • (1) there is a given person who believes that everybody is invited (2) it is true of everybody that there is someone (not necessarily the same person) who believes them to be invited.
    – JD2000
    Jan 26, 2020 at 9:51
  • @JD2000 what about the usage of "to be X" used frequently in news articles indicating that something is going to happen? That would give this a third meaning
    – Kevin
    Jan 27, 2020 at 21:25


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