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Suppose Alice says to Bob, "I cook dinner with Bob." Is Alice talking about Bob in the third person?

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    Your example is a bad one. Why would she say this to Bob? I cook dinner with Paul is what she could say to Bob. Better is to not mention who she said it to. – jlawler Feb 6 at 18:16
  • To clarify, Alice is referring to the same Bob; Alice means "I cook dinner with you". – user126350 Feb 7 at 19:30
  • You is second person. That's why she wouldn't say it to Bob; while he's the addressee, you is used. When she's talking to somebody else, like on the phone, even if he's still in the room, she can say that and it's third person, because it's referential -- it refers to something or someone. First and second persons are deictic -- their reference depends on the current context only and can change with the context. – jlawler Feb 7 at 20:11
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Grammatically, yes Bob is third person. Hence even if Alice is speaking to Bob, then he will interpret her sentence as referring to some other person named Bob.

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  • Unless you're addressing somebody by name (Say, Bob, are you coming over tonight?), all English nouns are third person. All pronouns except I, you, and we are also third person. – jlawler Feb 6 at 18:16

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