I've been wondering about this for a while. It makes sense intuitively, but I feel this is probably partly due to having been conditioned to think about it this way throughout all our lives, because it's just the way most languages work.
Coming from a mathematical background, I can see why the number 1 is different than any other number. One is the unit. Everything else is a multiple of 1.
But is there, formally, a reason why most languages treat singular nouns differently than their plural forms? Why do we add an -s at the end of the word in English, why does the ending change according to plurality in Italian, so on and so forth.
Like I already said, it makes sense intuitively, but I'm trying not to use intuition and habit and instead try to work out a rigorous and formal explanation for that.
Any input is highly appreciated.