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Many of the originally Barbarian names in history were Christianized. Many Christian saints with Slavic/Germanic names were given similar-sounding Greek and Latin names. In this way "Kuzma" (blacksmith) became "Cosmas", "Mariam" became "Maria", a feminine form of the old Roman name Marius.

Was there a Greek or Roman name Jesus so that "Yehoshuah" was named Jesus in translation?

I found that e̯esus meant "good" in PIE.

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    Just to point out, Yehoshua was the Hebrew name. The Aramaic name was the one used in Jesus' time, and was Yeshua. From there Jesus is a trivial transliteration with a Greek/Latin terminal -s added. – Justin Olbrantz Aug 28 '13 at 6:13
  • Alert: Your folk etymology of Κοσμᾶς is aggressively wrong. The female name Κοσμώ and the male ones Κοσμᾶς, Κοσμίας are attested in ancient texts. They derive from the verb κοσμέω, to order, govern, adorn. The name signifies propriety and quietness, so, for example, the female name was that of a priestess, etc... Christianity adopted it thrice from eponymous canonized individuals. – Cosmas Zachos Dec 24 '20 at 22:06
  • @CosmasZachos this is not a folk etymology, this is a Slavic name – Anixx Dec 25 '20 at 5:38
  • The Greek name Cosmas does not have a Slavic etymology. It entered Slavic languages through the orthodox Christian church. The three pairs of unmercenary twin saints introducing it to the church were Greek-speaking hellenistic middle-easterners. – Cosmas Zachos Dec 25 '20 at 15:22
  • @CosmasZachos the name Kuzma is Slavic (meaning blacksmith) – Anixx Dec 25 '20 at 21:55
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"Iesous" isn't a Greek-sounding name, and I can't imagine how there could be any influence from Latin. The name "Iesous" doesn't occur in Greek literature outside of Jewish and Christian contexts (first in the Septuagint, second century BC). According to the Wikipedia article on the name Yeshua, Jesus may have gone by Yeshua or even Yeshu. So the difference from the Greek form is not necessarily that great. Greek did not have the sound "sh" and seems to have borrowed foreign names that had this sound using "s". For instance, Samouel, from Hebrew Shmu'el and perhaps Kuros from Persian Kurush. (I expect there are many further examples, but these are all that come to me at the moment.)

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Your precise question was whether there was a Greek or Latin name spelt “Jesus” or similarly before the advent of Christianity. The answer is yes. The Hebrew name Yəhošuăʻ (Joshua) is spelt Ἰησοῦς in the Septuagint (the pre-Christian Jewish translation of the Old Testament).

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  • Is this Greek or Latin name? – Anixx Mar 11 '14 at 1:20
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    It is etymologically a Hebrew name, but Ἰησοῦς is used by Greek-speaking Christians, and Jesus by Latin-speaking Christians, to refer to Jesus of Nazareth, among others. – fdb Mar 11 '14 at 10:38
  • Also, the 'J' comes from the spelling in German where it made a 'Y' sound. The Latin spelling was 'Iesous' as you'll find in Indiana Jones. :-) – sventechie Mar 12 '14 at 1:12
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    Well, not actually. The Latin spelling is IESVS or jesus. I and j are different forms of the same letter. – fdb Mar 12 '14 at 9:52

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