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How can we concisely describe a consonant that is non-velarized, non-palatalized, non-glottalized, ....?

Is there an adjective for "no secondary articulation"?

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The most common word I've heard is "plain"—for example, the reconstructed phonemes *, *, and *k in Proto-Indo-European can be called "palatovelar", "labiovelar", and "plain velar". But this is mainly used when it's important to make the distinction clear; often, just "velar" on its own is enough.

The Latin word "tenuis" (literally "thin") is sometimes used as a synonym for "plain" or "not otherwise marked" in phonology, but I would put a caveat on that one. It's generally used for manner of articulation, not place, so people will generally associate "tenuis velar stop" with "/k/ as opposed to /g/ or /kʰ/", not "/k/ as opposed to /kˤ/ or /kʷ/". But for certain types of secondary articulation (palatalization in Russian, perhaps) it might be a fitting term.

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In Russian we talk about hard and soft consonants, as non-palatalized and palatalized respectively. These are not universal scientific terms, of course, but rather established ones in the context of this language.

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    But neither is without secondary articulation – the opposition is between palatalized and velarized. – user6726 Mar 8 at 22:55

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