Could anybody please help me understand what the [±F] and [±N] features mean? What do they stand for, I have no idea .... (The article elucidates in terms of GB theory)

Given these observations, then, and recalling that bare-NP adverbs are headed by a particular class of common nouns, I suggest that Case-assignment in bare-NP adverbs occurs through a special feature, [+F], which is borne by these nouns. This feature is inherited by any NP having such an N as its head, and it assigns an Oblique Case to the NP it labels: [...] (Larson, R. K. (1985). Bare-NP adverbs. Linguistic inquiry, 16(4), 595-621.)

Receiving Case inherently or not needing Case at all, these items are not obliged to occur adjacent to some [-N] or [+Tense] governing element; hence, within VP, for example, bare-NP adverbs will freely reorder with other "Case-independent" categories like PP and S': [...] (Larson, R. K. (1985). Bare-NP adverbs. Linguistic inquiry, 16(4), 595-621.)

  • Reads to me like the F in [+F] just means Feature. Nothing else from the quoted paragraph seems obvious, at least. May 17 '20 at 12:09
  • 1
    As Janus noted [+F] means a Feature, a Formal (syntactic) feature which is assigned to a noun in the lexicon. [+F] is a general label, it could stand for [+oblique]/[+dative], etc. The other feature [+N] is a categorial feature, nouns are [+N/-V], verbs are [-N/+V].
    – Tsutsu
    May 17 '20 at 12:44
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    I think the term elucidates is not perhaps the best description of what's going on.
    – jlawler
    May 17 '20 at 21:53
  • Good, I will plug in the meanings as I read on. @jlawler You're probably right about 'elucidates' not being the best description because the paper is half-baked to some.
    – Sssamy
    May 17 '20 at 23:44
  • The paper itself is fine; it was published in Linguistic Inquiry, so it assumes a certain basic familiarity with generative syntax.
    – Alex B.
    May 18 '20 at 14:38

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