Quick question about the Hebrew alphabet.

In the table below the sign with a single red line below is called PATAH.

What is the name of the sign with two red lines? How is it encoded in Unicode?

enter image description here

(The table is from the cjhebrew manual.)

  • I don't recognise that mark, and I can't find it in Unicode.= in Wikipedia
    – Colin Fine
    May 26, 2020 at 18:48
  • Thanks @ColinFine - it's good to know I'm not missing something obvious! May 26, 2020 at 19:07
  • My guess would be that it's still the patach, and there's a separate command just to let you position it better. Maybe ask at TeX - LaTeX?
    – curiousdannii
    May 26, 2020 at 23:36
  • the use of : in the transliteration of sheva (and the hataf vowels) seems really weird given its similarity to the IPA symbol for long vowels
    – Tristan
    May 27, 2020 at 8:47
  • @Tristan But on the other hand, the symbol really is just two vertical dots.
    – curiousdannii
    May 28, 2020 at 5:03

1 Answer 1


That symbol represents the furtive pataḥ or פתח גנוב - it says so right in the linked document: "The only exception is the pataḥ furtivum as in רוח"

There is no Unicode symbol for it, because it's typically (at least in Modern Hebrew) written identically to the normal pataḥ. However, there are those who think it should be printed further to the right: ("Hebrew vowels: Furtive Patach") and so that option has been made available in the cjhebrew package.

See also: https://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/443026/hebrew-vowel-positioning

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