I am looking at this kind of French sentences:
- Le directeur de la banque
- Un directeur de banque
- Le livre de l'élève
- Le livre de français
Having done some research about English grammar terminology on Wikipedia and using my own knowledge, I seem to understand that "Le directeur de la banque' is a noun phrase, and "de la banque" is a dependent, and more specifically a prepositional phrase. In French, we call this "complément du nom" as it is an expansion of the noun, it gives us more information about the noun. Generally speaking, "compléments" are introduced by prepositions and do not necessarily give information about the noun, they could also give information about the verb. In Italian grammar, we give each "complemento" an actual name depending on its function. For example, in the sentence "he ate with a fork", "with a fork", introduced by preposition "with", is a "complemento di mezzo" (literally: complement of instrument/tool, as it clarifies with what tool the action is performed).
So my two questions are:
- what do you call a "complément du nom" in English?
- what do you call "compléments" in English, as a general term? Does a term for this exist?