I came across this on http://sanskritdictionary.com/:

kubera kuberaḥ, yakṣarāṭ, yakṣendraḥ, yakṣeśvaraḥ, tryambakasakhā, guhyakeśvaraḥ, manuṣyadharmā, dhanadaḥ, dhanādhipaḥ, kinnareśaḥ, vaiśravaṇaḥ, paulastyaḥ, naravāhanaḥ, ekapiṅgaḥ, aiḍaviḍaḥ, śrīdaḥ, puṇyajaneśvaraḥ NOUN

yakṣānāṃ rājā yaḥ indrasya kośādhyakṣaḥ asti।

kuberaḥ rāvaṇasya bhrātā āsīt।

Here is the screenshot: enter image description here

Is Indra grammatically irregular, so the "n," does not transform like normal? If so it would make his names easier to pronounce.

I also asked this here: https://hinduism.stackexchange.com/questions/43148/is-indra-grammatically-irregular

Edit: Text of screenshot by Severus Snape

  • 2
    What do you mean by “transform like normal”? Apart from containing the genitive of the name Indra in the quote, I don’t see what the image has to do with your question. Also, despite what the comment to your question on Hinduism said, questions about the grammar of specific, individual languages is unfortunately considered off-topic here on Linguistics. Oct 11, 2020 at 17:05
  • See the final rule in this: ubcsanskrit.ca/lesson3/sandhirules.html. A regular word would have the "n" transform. Oct 11, 2020 at 19:46
  • Do you mean that the n न should become retroflex ण? If so, there's no reason that would happen in this word, as it isn't preceded by any of the sounds that trigger that rule.
    – TKR
    Oct 11, 2020 at 20:15
  • The sibilant ṣ/ष्, triggers the transformation according to ubcsanskrit.ca/lesson3/sandhirules.html. Oct 11, 2020 at 20:17
  • 1
    This is because internal sandhi rules don't usually apply across elements of a compound.
    – TKR
    Oct 11, 2020 at 21:18

1 Answer 1


The rule applies to /n/ only when immediately followed by a vowel or /n m y v/. In Indra, grantha etc. /n/ is followed by the wrong kind of segment, therefore the rule is inapplicable, regardless of the question of compounding.

  • Where is that restriction from? This site with the rules elaborated upon shows no such restriction: sanskrit-trikashaivism.com/en/…. Also, grantha is already irregular, unless it is a Tatpuruṣa as well, as the "n," should transform into either " Anusvāra" or " Anusvāra + s," depending on if it is at the word or not. (Use control f and "n" to find the relevant rules quickly.) Oct 12, 2020 at 1:03
  • It's in Whitney's Sanskrit Grammar (the standard English reference grammar). Try to locate any example of /n/ changing before /t th d dh.
    – user6726
    Oct 12, 2020 at 1:16
  • Interesting. I will check it out. Oct 12, 2020 at 18:42
  • Wait. Any appearance of n immediately before those examples has to be irregular or a Tatpuruṣa compound otherwise a previous rule of Sandhi would trigger first and transform it into either " Anusvāra" or " Anusvāra + s," meaning internal Sandhi can't apply to them, but not because of a rule by itself, just because of the interactions of the rules of Sandhi. Oct 12, 2020 at 21:08
  • Thus, regardless of internal Sandhi Indra has to be irregular or a Tatpuruṣa compound. That ties up my original question neatly. Thanks for the reference though. Oct 12, 2020 at 21:11

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