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What do you call the range of possible subjects a word can be predicated of?

i.e., brown can be predicated of furniture but not numbers; running can be predicated of people but not rocks; fruitless can be predicated of actions but not objects; etc etc.

So is there a definition that generalizes on this and describes all possible subjects of a predicate?

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    Numbers can be brown if you're synaesthetic. Rocks can run a race down hill. People, companies, endeavours, can all be fruitless. So I don't think your examples work. Language just lets us extent metaphors almost without limit. – curiousdannii Nov 30 '20 at 4:42

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