I am thinking of "standard languages" in the sense of normalized pronunciation of words within a language (English, Chinese, Hebrew, Arabic). I know for one in English there are at least 2 "standards", which you might call "American" and "British". But realistically as in American there are probably hundreds of dialects/accents or pronunciation variations just within American (New York accent, New Jersey accent, Louisiana accent, etc.).
I am trying to come up with a list of "standard pronunciations" of words, but am not sure how to do this right. Standard relative to what exactly? I'm not sure how to define that exactly. What do you recommend I do here? The reason is I would like to create a word game based on pronunciations, so there must be a fixed/static list of words in each "language" (English, Chinese, etc.), and a fixed/static pronunciation for each word so the game is somewhat manageable. What work has been done in this regard in terms of standardizing pronunciations in various languages? For example, in Arabic there is Modern Standard Arabic, but it doesn't seem that is actually spoken, more a way of writing. Latin seems to have a standard pronunciation, maybe because it was so intensely studied and formalized. Perhaps Sanskrit does too.
But this question isn't about the status of each language's standardization of pronunciation necessarily, it is about basically if there is any notion of standardization of pronunciation in linguistics, and how that works.