3

In the Russian language:

  • /ɫ/ is pharyngealized
  • /ɨ/ velarizes the preceding consonant.

In words such as лысый, /ˈɫɨsɨj/, is ɫ velarized, uvularized or pharyngealized?

I was unable to find any resources on this.

2

Natallia Litvin. "An Ultrasound Investigation of Secondary Velarization in Russian" (2014).

"To summarize, our study shows that Russian non-palatalized consonants [f, l, s, ʂ, x] are not pharyngealized. The Russian non-palatalized [f] and [l] exhibit secondary velarization, while [s] and [ʂ] can display either uvularization or velarization as a function of individual variation. Both secondary uvularization and velarization, however, perform a single phonological function: differentiation of non-palatalized/hard consonants and their palatalized/soft counterparts".

4

Here are some resources. Proctor (2009) Gestural Characterization of a Phonological Class: the Liquids talks about the question, citing three pertinent articulatory studies (Skalozub, Larisa Georgievna. 1963. Palatogrammy i rentgenogrammy soglasnykh fonem russkogo literaturnogo iazyka, vol. 3. Kiev: Izdatel’stvo Kievskogo universiteta; Bolla, Kalman. 1981. A conspectus of Russian speech sounds, vol. Bd. 32. Koln: B̈ohlau. and Kedrova et al. (2008). The latter study, however, does not study /l/ specifically, and does not assign specific phonological labels to hard and soft consonants.

The literature does contain all three claims. As far as I know, there is no definitive articulatory study which compares Russian dark l with a known pharyngealized /l/. Proctor models dark /l/ with "dorsal retraction and raising towards the velarized tongue body constriction location". I would also recommend Esling et al 2019, because numerous ideas about back-of-tract articulations are based on an inadequate model of "larynx" (they argue that the "larynx" is bigger than traditionally thought).

1
  • Hi, yours was a great and detailed answer however I since the answer I was precisely looking for appeared I need to remove the "accept answer" so please don't be feel bad. – MCCCS Mar 23 at 16:42

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.