Why are Proto-West Germanic hwaʀ and OHG wēr cognate?
What is the kind of mutation a > ē?

  • What do you mean by "why"? Are you asking for the proto-form and derivation; or for the evidence that they are; or something else, and what?
    – user6726
    Jan 8, 2021 at 14:58
  • @user6726 I am asking for the evidence that Proto-West Germanic a and OHG ē may be cognate without i-mutation.
    – prostorech
    Jan 8, 2021 at 17:55

1 Answer 1


*a > *e before *z in NWGmc (see Ringe). Another example is *razdō > WGmc *rerdu > OE reord (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/reord).

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