I am currently writing a paper which draws on the characteristics of Turkish (or Turkic) phonology, and would like to know more about stem consonant alternation in this language. Specifically, will the k at the end of any (or all) the following words become a d when a suffix is added to the word?

balčyk kıvrık

I will greatly appreciate your insights!

  • Did you mean ğ? I don’t know Turkish, but I’ve never heard of a /k ~ d/ alternation, whereas /k ~ ğ/ definitely exists. Jan 16, 2021 at 12:13

1 Answer 1


Words balçık and kıvrık get the stem consonant alternations with ğ:

  • balçı-ğ-ı
  • kıvrı-ğ-ı

To the best of my knowledge, there are no examples of stem consonant alternation for k changed into d. Meaning that, depending on the suffix to be added, either k remains unchanged, or it is changed into g or ğ.

Formally, in Turkish, words ending in p, ç, t and k get stem consonant alternations when a suffix starting with a vowel is added. The alternations are:

  • p -> b
  • ç -> c
  • t -> d
  • k -> g or ğ

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