The Wikipedia article for 'Yes and no' lists various distinct, common, systems for expressing the affirmative and the negative, ranging from no explicit terms (instead relying on echo responses) to four-form systems, e.g. in Middle English.

However, I could not find any large-scale database cataloguing the distribution of each of these systems cross-linguistically. I have tried looking on WALS, but the closest entries I could find were either on the yes-or-no questions themselves (#116A), or on only negative particles (#112A - but little/no reference to how these words fit into a larger system of negation). Furthermore, the aforementioned Wikipedia article doesn't list any such large-scale references in its sources, instead just providing evidence for the systems in each of the individual languages mentioned.

Is there any available research documenting the presence/distribution of these systems cross-linguistically? At a high level, I'd just like to get an idea for what percentage of languages employs each of these systems, but seeing this broken down by family/on a WALS-style map would be great.

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