Apart from Hungarian, are there any other languages with definite and indefinite conjugation (verbal inflections)?

For example (in Hugarian):

Definite conjugation: I see the tree. – Látom a fát.

Indefinite conjugation: I see a tree. – Látok egy fát.

See more: https://myhunlang.com/2010/02/07/the-difference-between-definite-and-indefinite-conjugation/

Given user23769's answer below, are there any non-Uralic languages with definite and indefinite conjugation?

2 Answers 2


Mordvin is another example of that feature.

  • 2
    That Mordvin/Erzya it is also an Uralic language is not surprising.
    – Circeus
    Jun 21, 2021 at 3:07

Inuit languages have specific and nonspecific verbs. Specific verbs are used when the direct object is definite, and nonspecific verbs are used in other cases.

However, the relationship between these two categories appears to be lexical.

Many verbs belong in both categories, and can take either set of endings depending on the type of information about the verb's arguments that speakers intend to communicate. Others are restricted to one category or require a morphological change in order to move between categories.

  • 2
    Partly lexical, at least. Some verbal roots are inherently definite (only used in ergative constructions with the subject in the ergative case and the object(s) definite and in the plain form), and some are inherently indefinite (only used in accusative constructions with the subject in the plain form and any object(s) present indefinite and in the instrumental case). Most verbs, however, are either used directly in both (e.g., Gl. takuvoq ‘he sees’, takuvaa ‘he sees it’) or use a suffix to more or less predictably switch between definite and indefinite. Nov 3, 2021 at 9:19

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