0

What is the name of Proto-Germanic e/ē lengthening before ō?

*kwelaną *kwē
*wrekaną *wrē
*sprekaną *sprē
*frehnaną *frē

I know that e/ē lengthening before "i" is Vṛddhi gerundive?
*nemaną *nēmiz
*kweþaną *kwēdiz
*wrekaną *wrēkiz

1 Answer 1

1

There are hundreds of sound laws associated with any language, they won't all get their own pithy name. This is just "the lengthening that happens when an ō-stem noun is derived from a strong verb". You might call this a vṛddhi-derivation (vṛddhi being a Sanskrit word used for the strongest grade of a vowel in a given system of vowel gradation), but that's a broader category of things than just lengthened ō-stems derived from strong verbs.

"Vṛddhi gerundive" isn't the name for lengthening of *e before *i; *nēmiz, *kwēdiz, &c. are gerundives (a type of verbal adjective), and they're called vṛddhi because they have a lengthened grade in the root. This lengthening is part of the process of derivation, not phonologically conditioned by the following *i: cf. the vṛddhi-gerundives *lēgaz from * ligjaną ~ legjaną, *frōdaz from *fraþjaną, *gōdaz from *gadaną, &c., all without the *i.

1
  • Oh, ō-stem nouns! I was looking at the question and reading the forms as 1sg present forms and wondering if I’d missed something fundamental about Germanic verbs… Jul 1, 2021 at 20:41

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.