2

inveigle

Early corruption of French aveugler (“to blind, to delude”),

from aveugle (“blind”),

from the Old French avugle (“without eyes”),

from Latin ab + oculus (“eye”).

The in- might be from other a-/en- variations found in Middle English, which was then latinised into in-.

The sound change from Latin aboculus to Old French avugle is difficult for me to deduce, so I wonder whether it is regular and is there any other example like this?

7
  • 2
    Are you talking about *b->v and/or *c->g? I know nothing about Romance languages, but intervocalic lenition is a very common process so these changes seem unsurprising. – Gaston Ümlaut Aug 1 '13 at 7:00
  • 1
    The c->g is easily explained by the loss of the first /u/ in oculus, leaving /-okl-/; the proximity of the voiced /l/ would normally voice the /k/ to /g/. Like b->v intervocalically, this is unsurprising. – jlawler Aug 1 '13 at 16:13
  • @jlawler, Hi! Thank you for your answer, I still wonder the change from L. /o/ to OF. /u/, is this conditional or non-conditional? – archenoo Aug 2 '13 at 6:08
  • Vowels vary. A lot. Most etymologies rely on consonants, unless there's a demonstrated vowel relation like Grimm's Law or Umlaut. A change from [o] in one language to [u] in a successor, with this many syllables reforming around it, over the course of a millennium, is not surprising and in fact is rather conservative. Certainly it needs no special explanation. – jlawler Aug 2 '13 at 17:13
  • Take a look at cnrtl.fr/definition/aveugle (scroll down to EÉTYMOL. ET HIST.) – Alex B. Aug 5 '13 at 3:38
3

aboculus to aveugle is totally regular and not very complicated development (i.e. can be explained by three or four processes that do not intertwine)

1) lenition of obstruents intervocallically gives you b>v and k>g

2) post-accentual vowels being elided results for both u>0

3) in a closed syllable, short stressed o>oe (today spelt ; but this did not go through /u/)

All these changes occur in myriad other examples (sudor > sueur; opera > oeuvre, etc.)

The rendition avugle may be just freak of transcription or it might be dialectal (in some dialects, even accented short o>u, which was typically reserved only for the unaccented one) and the grapheme might represent /u/ sound, not /y/.

2

French vocabulary can be roughly divided into 3 groups:

  1. Native French words which can be traced back to Vulgar Latin. These words usually have the largest amount of phonetical changes (as they are most ancient): oculus > œil.
  2. Early loanwords from Latin. These words aren't traceable to Vulgar Latin, they were reborrowed to French from Medieval Latin, two already coexisting languages. These words have fewer phonetical changes than the first group. I think this is the case with aboculus > avugle (but I'm not entirely sure).
  3. Late loanwords from Latin. This group of words underwent almost zero phonetical changes. This is the case with, for example, ocularis > oculaire.
-5

It didn't.

"veigle" means tool : handle.

Something you can handle as to make it a tool for a certain (personal) aim or purpose. Therefore

{ in+veigle } yields a direct meaning of: to [ utilize something : someone ] in its original sense.

1
  • intentionally voting merely to reduce or inflate another user's reputation is considered abuse. – Bekim Bacaj Nov 30 '16 at 9:18

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.