What is the percentage of Latin loanwords or words that are of ultimate Latin origin even from intermediate languages in each of the northern Germanic languages? I have noticed that there seem to be quite a few, but searching it up on google either doesn't give a proper number or only gives it for a small sample. I was hoping that perhaps a more accurate number could be acquired from a corpus of text.

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    The first thing to consider is this. Are you interested in a percentage of dictionary entries? If so, a large dictionary will have a much larger percentage, because Latinate words are usually less common. Alternatively, are you interested in the percentage of Latin words in an average newspaper article? // Secondly, do you realise that there will be huge differences between languages? English will have a much, much larger percentage than Swedish. // Thirdly, do you count words that were borrowed via an intermediate language, such as French or Italian?
    – Cerberus
    Aug 6, 2021 at 18:02
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    @Cerberus English isn’t a North Germanic language, so your second point doesn’t really hold as such – but the percentage will be much higher for the continental NG languages than for Faroese and, especially, Icelandic. Aug 6, 2021 at 19:54
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    @JanusBahsJacquet: Fair enough. I saw northern without capital, so I guess I assumed it was the general cardinal direction. If the sub-branch was intended, differences will be less pronounced, as you say.
    – Cerberus
    Aug 6, 2021 at 22:04
  • @Cerberus 1• Perhaps a percentage from a corpus of text. 2• Yes, that is why I wanted to know. 3• Yes. Also, I didn’t realise that not capitalising the “n” would make such a difference. Aug 7, 2021 at 6:01
  • @QuintusCaesius-RM: Ad 3: perhaps I was being finicky. // Maybe add those specifications to your question?
    – Cerberus
    Aug 7, 2021 at 13:41


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