2

Are Latin causative verb ending -eō and Old Slavic -ити from verbs eō and ити ("to go")?

2
  • 1
    I'm not familiar with "causative" -eō. Do you mean verbs like caleō, torpeō, stupeō?
    – Draconis
    Commented Aug 13, 2021 at 18:16
  • @Draconis You are right Commented Aug 13, 2021 at 18:38

1 Answer 1

4

First, I wouldn't call Latin -eō verbs like caleō "be hot" and torpeō "be numb" causative; they're stative, expressing a state of being. The causatives would be calefaciō "make hot" and torpefaciō "make numb".

Second, the Latin ones at least aren't related to "go". The suffix comes from PIE *-éh₁-yeti, while the verb comes from *h₁ey- "go". I believe the Slavic suffix *-ěti and verb *jьti come from the same places as the Latin ones.

2
  • 2
    The Latin second conjugation combines PIE *-éh₁yeti statives with *-éyeti causatives (/iteratives). Your examples are statives, but e.g. moneo, torreo, noceo, compleo are (fairly) transparently causative in origin. It's definitely too much to call -eō a causative verb ending, though, and presumably Wiktionary is to blame here, again.
    – Cairnarvon
    Commented Aug 13, 2021 at 19:38
  • @Cairnarvon True, but in the comments OP said they meant the caleō type. (I wouldn't necessarily call the second type of -eō verb causative in Latin, even if it is a causative formation in PIE (and PIt).)
    – Draconis
    Commented Aug 13, 2021 at 20:00

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.